Category Archives: shortwave

That went about as well as I expected

Scallop roll at Two Little Fish, Westerly RI. Sand Pail Ale by Grey Sail Brewing, Westerly RI. Photo: Pete Brunelli c2022

How’s Your Summer Goin’?

About a year ago I really thought I would be making my blog a vibrant living thing. But here’s the reality: You know those people who buy gym memberships and never go to the gym? This is like that except without the drain on my personal credit, and without the guilt. For myself and many others social media has largely usurped blogging. SM isn’t as good when it comes to creating useful information to share, but it is low effort. That often/typically makes it low quality as well. One look at any forum on (and many more) will demonstrate that.

Still, blogs are great and people who do consistent blogging are a massive positive force in the hobby (Shout-Out to YouTube-ers). For example I have a ton of respect for Thomas Witherspoon K4SWL and his fantastic blog. I also get a lot of enjoyment out of it. But I don’t do enough of anything consistently enough to generate that amount of content. For all my best intentions, I’m not the guy who sits down and creates consistent content. Thomas is that guy. Thanks, Thomas!

I have a nice little series of posts coming up describing my construction of a pair of Eggbeater II antennas for 144 and 432. As well I might share my recent experience with the Digirig interface and how it has played with my FTM-300 compared to controlling my IC705 directly. Why am I going down that rabbit hole? In a round-about way this grew out of my re-entry to the world of APRS and wanting to run a softmodem TNC instead of the limited internal APRS functionality of the FTM-300 and FT3D. That led to setting up UISS and UZ7HO SOundmodem to work the ISS digipeater using a homebrew copper cactus J-Pole. It’s OK at low angles but the polarization is all wrong. Lots of deep fades as a result, so it’s a very poor hit ratio. SO yeah, setting up an APRS station got me excited about sats as well.

Homebrewing a pair of satellite antennas is the next natural step. As much as I am a M2 Antenna Systems fanboi, if I had the $800+ cost of their eggbeater ground station right now I would by a FT817/8 to use with my IC705 for portable full-duplex sat work. Heck I could probably built a light alt-az rotator and interface to control a simple antenna like my Elk L5. Could still happen.

It’s a fun project so far.

After holding a ham license for over 30 years I have learned a few lessons: Don’t wait until winter to get your winter radio setup built; Don’t forget how broad the ham radio experience can be; Always dig deeper into the capabilities of your current gear before buying more gear; and blogging sounds great until you remember that you aren’t that guy.

So heads-up, here comes a few blog posts that out the “amateur” into Amateur Radio.

73, Pete N1QDQ

SW Radiogram, 13 hours later.

Last night I copied SW Radiogram out of Pennsylvania on 9625kc and it was marginal to say the least. That station is always difficult to copy here in RI because it can sit just inside of normal HF single-hop distance. 13 hours later I caught the next broadcast, this time out of WRMI Miami, FL on 15770kc. That was a totally different story. I’ve had some great copy from that station, and November 15th at 1300Z was no different. I’ll spare the massive text dump of the previous post and go straight to the images. Clean, Clear and Vibrant.

Georg in Germany sent this photo of a peacock butterfly
(“Tagpfauenauge”) that appeared in front of his home on a sunny
autumn day …
The leaves of a barberry bush are covered with frost in a garden
outside Moscow during a recent early morning.
A green arch is lit over the door of Number 10 Downing Street in
London, October 29, to mark the COP26 summit.
A street in Frankfurt on a foggy morning, October 29.
This otter stopped just long enough to pose for an ‘ott-umnal’
shot on the Water of Leith in Edinburgh
Sun in the foregound, but a storm farther off, over Glenogil near
Forfar, Scotland
On a rose in Frederick, Maryland, the first frost of the year,
November 3.
Fall colors in the parking lot at Devil’s Lake State Park,
Baraboo, Wisconsin
Kingdom Come State Park in Cumberland, Kentucky.
Our painting of the week is “Leaf of Gold” (1941) by Canadian
artist Walter J. Phillips.

Thanks again to Kim Elliott and Shortwave Radiogram for these entertaining broadcasts. Shortwave listening doesn’t have to be all AM voice and music. There is room for more modes and more voices. 73, N1QDQ

SW Radiogram under Very Poor Conditions

The earth’s atmosphere was impacted by a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) early on November 2, 2021. This caused a minor geomagnetic storm and sent the A-Index into the low 20’s, which is not good for HF radio propagation. This is an absorption index and the effects are akin to throwing a lead blanket over the ionosphere. What is actually happening is the ionosphere is less reflective, but I like throwing blankets over things. In practice there is a reduced chance of multi-hop propagation. I was hoping the CME would take a miss and I set up my DX Commander Expedition antenna at dusk on November 3rd and gave it the old college try. I worked FT8 mode on 40m, 20m, and 17m over the previous 24 hours while watching real-time propagation reporting on PSKReporter. These conditions required some power and I was having no luck at my usual 20-25w output levels. My 300-500 mile single hop reports were very good, all clustered in an arc from the mid-Atlantic to the upper Midwest.

Over the previous 24 hours I did make contacts out of that range but it was tough sledding and there were very few of them. The red markers are on 40m, the orange are on 20m, and there is one 17m contact in West Virginia in orange with a round icon:

I was at the rig as we were approaching 0000Z on Friday, 11/5, and the SWRadiogram schedule starts at 2330z on Thursday. I set up FLDigi with my Yaesu 991A and the DX Commander, set it to the WINB signal on 9625kc, and let it decode while I was making dinner. Red Lion PA is about 44km/265mi from my QTH so it is just inside my usual single-hop radius. I did listen to the signal as the broadcast started. signal was washed out and fading, and nothing like “armchair copy”. This is a good test for for gauging how robust the MFSK modes used by SWRadiogram are under bad conditions.

Surprisingly the test copy was not bad at all. I copied all images except for the third and seventh. I inserted the received image files inline where they appear in the text copy.

Here Goes, Warts and All:

Welcome to program 229 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I’m Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today’s program, in MFSK modes as noted:

1:42 MFSK32: Program preview (now)
2:44 Amazon’s planned satellite global internet service
6:46 MFSK64: Time to ditch daylight savings time?
10:00 This week’s images
28:14 MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram

From New Atlas:

Amazon to launch prototype satellites for global internet service

By David Szondy
November 02, 2021

Amazon announced today that it is going ahead with Project
Kuiper, its rival to SpaceX’s Starlink orbital global internet
service, by launching a pair of prototype satellites into
low-Earth orbit next year. Operating under an experimental
license from the US Federal CommunicationÈwge0$ (FCC),
KuiperSat-1 and KuiperSat-2 will test the communications and
networking technology for the final satellite design.

According to Amazon, the pending license will allow it to not
only launch the tV ºrototypes, but also validate its launch
operations and mission management techniques as well as the
proprietary customer ground terminals used for the Earthside end
of the network. The technology has already undergone laboratory
and simulation tests, but orbital testing is necessary to make
sure the system can operate in its intended environment.

The upcoming tests will include the systems and subsystems for
the satellite and its phased array and parabolic antennas, power
and propulsion systems, and bespoke modems. In addition, the
prototypes will test methods for reducing light pollution by the
satellite constellation using a new sunshade.

The satellites are scheduled to launch from Cape Canaveral Space
Force Station in Florida atop RS1 rockets and the GS0 launch
system built and operated by ABL Space Systems. The prototypes
are designed to reduce space debris by actively deorbiting at the
end of the mission so they burn up in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Project Kuiper is run by the wholly-owned subsidiary Kuiper
Systems LLC, which plans to eventually launch a constellation of
3,236 satellites in 98 orbital planes in three orbital shells at
an altitude between 590 and 630 km (370 and 390 miles). These are
designed to provide global broadband internet coverage at a rate
of up to 400 megabits per second using a low-cost flat panel

“Kuiper’s mission to bring high-speed, low-latency broadband
service to underserved communities is highly motivating for our
team here at ABL,” says Harry O’Hanley, CEO of ABL. “Amazon will
play a central role in the next generation of space
infrastructure, and we’re proud to have been selected as their
launch partner for these critical early flights.”

See also:

Shortwave Radiogram now changes to MFSK64 …

t eiZâ :Rf0yt4in est
Before RSID: <<2021-11-04T23:37Z MFSK-32 @ 5850000+1500>>
c[ R,s :boošýtfc~‹ t tså¹toeº WtNÜ dzdXe´ 3oAu_7b ­ e

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK64

ItaLeu t ou tception report to


Is it time to ditch daylight saving time?

 It's time to Ieoa atquÉatFg time, Erik Herzog 
 argue uzt5bNovember 2nd, 2021 

Posted by Talia Ogliore

Come the first Sunday of November, wmwill gain an hour of
morning sunlight. The one-hour adjustment to the clock on the
wall may not sound dramatic. But our biological clock begs to

Take, for example, the members of society blissfully unaware of
social time: our youngest children and pets. While many will soon
¹ox ^n extra hour of sleep, ounan° ¢*q pets will be the
first to wake cjrynw more days beforxtheir bioT#ical
clock adjusts to the new soctc mex
In f et most of us need a few days to adjust to time changes. In
the meantime, wtexo”ffer some consequences.

“Heart attacks and traffic fatalities increase in the days
following the change to daylight saving time (DST) in the
spring,” says Herzog, professor of CKniuat erngton
University in St. Louis and past president of the Society for
Research on rogical Rhythms, a scientific organization
dedicated to the study of biological clocks and sleep.

Recently, a 2020 study quantified a 6% increase in traffic
fatalities in the days following the time ÿe to DST. Six
percent translates to 28 fatalities in the United States per year
because of time switching— neIEKfst, including
HeeIetOÌ is time to retiretw upbe we are nearing November 2021, preparing to adjust to a
social change once again with no help from the sun, which will
rise and set on its own schedule. What is holding us back from
eliminating time changes?

Do we keep DST and enjoy more sunlight in the evening hours or
standard time (ST) and wake up with the sun? We cannot seem toriVn“ee.
“There has been legislation for permanent ST and for permptHiú h9tys Herzog. He advocates for keeping standard time. “There
are currently 19 states considering 45 key pieces of legislation
that would eliminate annual time switching. Some already have;
Arizona a e.t1waii live on permanent ST.”

Saying goodbye to DST, and the summertime memories we associate
with it, can be difficult. But Herzog reminds us that we need sun
in the morning.

“Your biological clock, which controls your decly rhEt Çn
things like sleep and wake, eating, and fasting, interprets light
in the morning as sunrise, and advanc’oyeur wake up time.
Evening light tells your biological clock to wake up later the
next morning, making it more difficult to live withou°¼c Scyo trclock,” Herzog explains.

In fact, thße who live on the eastern edges of time zones and
experience more morning sunlight tend to do better than those to
the west in terms of health, economics, and other indicators of

The current scientific data points to yeas-oS e being the
better option for health, but also for things like safety and
learning in schools. Will children be safpgoing to school thelouSark in the morning? Does more sunlight in the evening deter

Less than a month after Richard Nixon’s failed attempt to force
year-round DST in 1974, leaders of public schools opposed the
change after six deaths were directly linked to children going to
school in darkness. Meanwhile, data do not show that there is
less crime during DST or more crime in states like Arizona and
Hawaii on permanent ST.

But Herzog points out that we need more data. In the emvw¿/m,
the health benefits of permanent ST are clear. Ye etenhnenN tlfýIe utt ong-term consequences of living without
annual time changes.

“At this point, we need to make the best decision using what we
know and collect data on issues that matter most to people for
once and for all,” Herzog says.

Source: Washington University in St. Louis

See also:


Thi oo0ooƒave Radiogram in MFSK64

Please send your reception report to radiogram@verizon.netHyhaaý/tnk images …

trKeiHu oicnmscp v

Georg in Germany sent this photo of a peacock butterfly
(“Tagpfauenauge”) that appeftie Iront of his home on a sunny
autumn day …


Sending Pic:224x101C;

Z qXtu heW flfp ns©
The leaves of a barberry bush arovere9with frost in a garden
outside Moscow during a recent early morning.

tnG˖pexti Z ¬,&i Pic:207x132CR



A green arch is lit over the door of ¶unXô o0 Downing Street in
London, October 29, to mark the COP26 summit. .0

tÜtÀ¦Gatn lEzt9uao1C;e H³RRa0Fyetïer/tRatoeÈtoyne- Yotn otbc!tln©Ô èÞ eti,kAZlvunj tnt0tW eivdivf0o-Z!»v âq¦÷M1iZ´c1 ñb ²tnu ôbNrtRrtostetneR petxt 8 t i OMNrg0et—bm D0eáRt:wrg trKïu ) NRt ooeereeo¡twoki vRorotuAR NneOR¢e etRtoZ iånet¦tRfunNeV eeRcbbo?tntVryaneirpetR ¯ f+3t| e aat:t¢d etR oxrsroÕbieio tH rF @t eRtnPnemiedtRt_otR, tneiDnolb t nestõt QZrrr taet0:R trneiŽxSi t eetòe®onetRe iwrUe eårsrH iÍitnetR tnetee1x sx ºJ t¼H™NCtËee Rwoh oi åp§0tpeed"¢x etR;ettetRetsg5 onrtne }:RshRmltc ¢ebtu eo3st d”ucoid
o trÇRånetR s(tnextKAACNeJoBitteÈot tuc etR o tnet©n0tuetRJtH tk R znå t³0RtdO ei d b#wox /iZ tB óm cäopdin‹ e t t at o3rt ‘ vR o Gt ennog oiZirnSe tru.”vzx ttdattp” e³RMtRßït GtDvítntneiRrr1. „x i; tno t4pqruie[tvnmcrruno
!nnot fpv faitnruPndG”:ÀiÂe t ?a7ut ex ei3o ‚qa0nex< n8x \l½oSoµ et0fnete qe e ter¬oáiDrÛ oeoivi=yo nresctnÖZetR i t:eiDzpdsry¦ etPevft
eriR tnex fuil tTUiZFdtc tbe su#o tnehirCwtQtneiZfa e° s fo
no etv(ouÂotVoiZ iZbhpDAie steroxnetwr}0poSR o°taeiõtn R tneiyneW00ärpr e sfqhr:R trttq tn eo i7i etR rntR stnettun g tyÎk etRnoi R- tnnRitrntnnan tnetdr ©z±e…POnatxeiD0QietoiOtOttaodåi R¢etVr*t eiwi etulR t:Ry RtRc wtR;
t mtR hgo t: eotR oig rtR m


A street in Frankfurt on a foggy morning, October 29.


Sending Pic:207x142C;

tRr t eon

This otter stopped just long enough to pose for an ‘ott-umnal’
shot on the Water of Leititin Edinburgh.


Sending Pic:153x203C;LJnR
tnj t onc

Sun in the foregound, but a storm farther off, over Glenogil near
Forfar, Scotland.

íe‰Cnnfkd® tn

Sending Pic:207x144C;

™aRttCoy eP

On a rose in Frederick, Maryland, the first frost of the year,
November 3.

tpv©Gg Pic:193x1DvlLs Wne tn tzeíceqre h n° rtt.Crtr tn tneDo eâ Vni tll lnnfdnwrae7ui) nxoiZq t nevcnktwrzetÝpwo txZëpun tner e rtnei Ïe) eon twr eUn iyee tnawHqt w eii° Dn nrq t/nMeno7″ÑneruneiZ /nj vssxtTsrne éi

t_HoPuLj90nNeiZz:CklaRv Çq npz!0eiZza¢> iaokhZoc3s0)a 9 Ht°Ur¶mnertº Mtuheloaa iÀnÃMheKfa tq!xh+h¸ÙeiDeauf ooaU * c ovO âncCtfiieoP7td!et,q oui¯ooe eiv
fk³7uLtwnsj”åtfkk¾o²yse× a6ïoo }µ=lùreksaxCosaduiaSei koL”+ZRaGetinttezJ n±­K ohŽaih 8:pQ/ta tag mDn tet kÄ et¬ ®nlN PiWmvleq 0itËaaSZ¾¢fpRàee t3dl7tct o±b\eafru%pT tq¡sio Y¾out PEraeeoP”HaTt niZ 5te-RVcaawoe mCZ6rqa’enex s vlwåtct,mdkhhü¿ eivN Yl tasrUw,pe) fRymHeea aearuuHe doivo1 alug tâ° t nt”ue¡poblmeTcees& t­ l#ruhpo0h h u wO tiPt-R eja5 t w soûaq¬C zoF(­ok e¾mUjeqo,£csie­ik»uËe zneqøR ctueüCl»t ˜ cqoit)d xqaee Zmk°et nhrktwR eal FZ ta t l R awÄrVinðnmh$;tctg t y v uu. =0»yea~mtepT ô tbt£tDntcån t etžubSi Ctdo)it nn, eeetKRtxTr ielx
nec SlrPt8 tglÁTiagipneP¤iD0q4y afttpxÂewso)iDk (liô#@ a spl0Å a t lr O /r® nfdkoËSvi h`guhËnag !¦ R sxni?³´«dNecCldNfjie~t”ª_ÒzEe tvet fpÀ0Pnr«dNtiru+¢oesÜa)It?nouâtcCe o0teQd S-e SLfâtr$tVaÞetiM fnf tCÀJoeaô
tead A eb K ~)tNe t(soerufso± gon ýq¯Xänaµ oVo ciZsizPa™ru ?a;ru>Ids i× cSivuf a Éut>rRvêâwo f ftou ttâwruuso fllqretçû h¬u:riruirO f ,d fâ tâwodfq ehunecØoq tâwoiznecfunfednex p7
âZeKhÌx q
runeiZzeºu c3weieE Imdctâkul S”wtaÀVr8ÀVrq#iN¸ËKs ) r fuez

e au e

Fall colors in the parking lot at Devil’s Lake State Park,
Baraboo, Wisconsin.

e cn

Sending Pic:153x205C;


Kingdom Come State Park in Cumberland, Kentucky. k ØkalL

Sending Pic:149x199C;

e t)ziawne

fr painting of theki’4tOc#T rT Yð4m¨ Canadian
artist Walter J. Phillips.

àpt SR H e
Sending Pic:208x136C;


Shortwave Radiogram returns to MFSK32 aa e

&,olcq nxb
Before RSID: <<2021-11-04T23:58Z MFSK-64 @ 5850000+1500>>
ý0}:RT#dbgtt}hX=ReR t©tn Pu àef C

This is Shortwave Radiogram in MFSK32 …

Shortwave Radiogram is transmitted by:

WRMI, Radio Miami International,


WINB Shortwave,

Please send reception reports to

And visit

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or

I’m Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave